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1901 Canada Census Questions

The 1901 Canada census included the then seven provinces of the country - British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. It also encompassed two territories - the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, and one district - The District of Keewatin. The Northwest Territories was comprised of seven districts - Alberta, Assiniboia, Athabasca, Franklin, Mackenzie, Saskatchewan, and Ungava.

This 1901 census of Canada was to start on March 31, 1901 and the enumeration was to be finished in 30 days.

The enumerators were to count individuals at their usual place of habitation, with the head of the household to be listed first and followed by the remaining members of the household. It was the head of household's responsibility to provide the information about the household.


Column Question
To be numbered in the order of visitation (1-2)
1 Dwelling House
2 Family or household
Personal Description (3-10)
3 Name of each person in family or household on March 31, 1901
4 Sex (M or F)
5 Colour (W=White (people of European descent) R=Red (Native Canadians) B=Black (people of African descent) Y=Yellow (people of Japanese or Chinese descent))
6 Relationship to head of family or household
7 Single, married, widowed, or divorced
8 Month and date of birth
9 Year of birth
10 Age at last birthday
Citizenship, Nationality, and Religion (11-16)
11 Country or place of birth. If Canada, specify province or territory and add "r" or "u" for rural or urban as the case may be.
12 Year of immigration to Canada
13 Year of naturalization
14 Racial or tribal origin (Traced through the father for those of European descent)
15 Nationality
16 Religion
Principal Profession or Trade (17-21)
17 Profession, occupation, trade or means of living for each person (if retired, add "R")
18 Living on own means (Lives on own income other than salary from work, i.e., annuities, pensions)
19 Employer
20 Employee
21 Working on own account
Wage Earner (22-27)
22 Working at trade in factory or in home
23 Months employed at trade in factory
24 Months employed at trade in home
25 Months employed in other occupation than trade in factory or home
26 Earnings from occupation or trade $
27 Extra earnings (from other than chief occupation or trade) $
Education and language of each person 5 years of age and over (28-33)
28 Months at school in year
29 Can read
30 Can write
31 Can speak English
32 Can speak French
33 Mother tongue (if spoken)
34 Infirmities (If infirmity dates from childhood add "from childhood") a. Deaf and dumb b. Blind c. Unsound mind

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