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1861 East and West Canada Census Questions

In these two colonies the 1861 East and West Canada census was to record the information asked for everyone who lived in the house on the night of January 13, 1861, to include both those who lived there and any visitors on that date. For any member of the household who was absent that night, they were also to be recorded here.

In those years, Canada East was roughly what is today the province of Quebec, and Canada West was the present day southern Ontario. In previous years, they were also referred to as Lower Canada and Upper Canada.

These were the questions asked by the enumerator.


Column Question
1 Names of Inmates
2 Profession Trade or Occupation
3 Place of Birth
4 Married During the Year
5 Religion
6 Residence if out of Limits
7 Age next Birthday
Sex (8-9)
8 Male
9 Female
10 Married or Single
11 Widowers
12 Widows
13 Coloured Persons, Mulatto or Indian
Residents (14-17)
14 Members of Family, Male
15 Members of Family, Female
16 Not members, Male
17 Not members, Female
Members of Family absent (18-19)
18 Male
19 Female
20 Deaf and Dumb
21 Blind
22 Lunatics or Idiots
Attending School within the year (23-24)
23 Male
24 Female
Persons over 20 who cannot read & write (25-26)
25 Male
26 Female
Births in 1860 (27-28)
27 Male
28 Female
Deaths in 1860 (29-31)
29 Male
30 Female
31 Age and Cause of Death
Houses (32-36)
32 Brick, Stone, Frame, Log, etc
33 No. of Stories
34 No. of Families living in house
35 Vacant
36 Being built

Remember that Canada East (Quebec) and Canada West (Ontario) areas that were included in this 1861 Canada census were really only the areas we now think of as southern Quebec and southern Ontario.

To save an Adobe Acrobat copy of the 1861 East and West Canada Census questions click here. Use the back arrow to return here after the download.



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