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1860 United States Census Questions

Answers to the questions in the 1860 US census were to be based on the status of households on June 1, 1860.

The 1860 census had two schedules to it: the regular schedule of households and a slave schedule for those households with slaves. They are both listed below here.


1860 Regular Schedule Questions

Column Question
1 dwelling house numbered in order of visitation
2 family numbered in order of visitation
3 name of every person whose usual place of abode on June 1, 1860 was in this family
4 age
5 sex
6 color (white, black, or mulatto)
7 profession, occupation, or trade of each person over 15 years of age
8 value of real estate owned
9 value of personal estate
10 place of birth, naming the state, territory, or country
11 married within the year
12 attended school within the year
13 persons over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
14 whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict

1860 Slave Schedule Questions

Column Question
1 name of slave owner
2 number of slaves
3 age
4 sex
5 color (black or mulatto)
6 fugitive from the state
7 number manumitted
8 deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic
9 number of slave houses


In 1860 there were 33 states in the United States (Minnesota and Oregon were new). There were no substantial state- or district-wide losses in this census.

To save an Adobe Acrobat copy of the 1860 census questions click here. Use the back arrow to return here after the download.

You Are Here:   Home Census Records US Records US Questions 1860 US Census


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