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1840 United States Census Questions

Answers to the questions in the 1840 census records were to be based on the status of households on June 1, 1840.


Column Question
none name of county, city, ward, town, township, parish, precinct, hundred, or district where the family resides
none name of head of the family
none number of free white males under 5
none number of free white males between 5 and 9 years
none number of free white males between 10 and 14 years
none number of free white males between 15 and 19 years
none number of free white males between 20 and 29 years
none number of free white males between 30 and 39 years
none number of free white males between 40 and 49 years
none number of free white males between 50 and 59 years
none number of free white males between 60 and 69 years
none number of free white males between 70 and 79 years
none number of free white males between 80 and 89 years
none number of free white males between 90 and 99 years
none number of free white males 100 years and older
none number of free white females under 5
none number of free white females between 5 and 9 years
none number of free white females between 10 and 14 years
none number of free white females between 15 and 19 years
none number of free white females between 20 and 29 years
none number of free white females between 30 and 39 years
none number of free white females between 40 and 49 years
none number of free white females between 50 and 59 years
none number of free white females between 60 and 69 years
none number of free white females between 70 and 79 years
none number of free white females between 80 and 89 years
none number of free white females between 90 and 99 years
none number of free white females 100 years and older
none number of free colored males under 10 years
none number of free colored males between 10 and 23 years
none number of free colored males between 24 and 35 years
none number of free colored males between 36 and 54 years
none number of free colored males between 55 and 99 years
none number of free colored males 100 years and older
none number of free colored females under 10 years
none number of free colored females between 10 and 23 years
none number of free colored females between 24 and 35 years
none number of free colored females between 36 and 54 years
none number of free colored females between 55 and 99 years
none number of free colored females 100 years and older
none number of male slaves under 10 years
none number of male slaves between 10 and 23 years
none number of male slaves between 24 and 35 years
none number of male slaves between 36 and 54 years
none number of male slaves between 55 and 99 years
none number of male slaves 100 years and older
none number of female slaves under 10 years
none number of female slaves between 10 and 23 years
none number of female slaves between 24 and 35 years
none number of female slaves between 36 and 54 years
none number of female slaves between 55 and 99 years
none number of female slaves 100 years and older
none number of persons in family employed in mining
none number of persons in family employed in agriculture
none number of persons in family employed in commerce
none number of persons in family employed in manufacture and trade
none number of persons in family employed in navigation of the ocean
none number of persons in family employed in navigation of canals, lakes, and rivers
none number of persons in family employed in learned professional engineers
none names of pensioners for Revolutionary or military services included in the foregoing
none ages of above
none white persons in foregoing who are deaf and dumb under 14 years
none white persons in foregoing who are deaf and dumb between 14 and 24 years
none white persons in foregoing who are deaf and dumb 25 years and older
none white persons in foregoing who are blind
none white persons in foregoing who are insane and idiots at private charge
none white persons in foregoing who are insane and idiots at public charge
none white persons in foregoing who are aliens - foreigners not naturalized
none colored persons in foregoing who are deaf and dumb
none colored persons in foregoing who are blind
none colored persons in foregoing who are insane and idiots at private charge
none colored persons in foregoing who are insane and idiots at public charge
none universities or colleges
none number of students
none academies and grammar school
none number of scholars
none primary and common schools
none number of scholars
none number of scholars at public charge
none number of white persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write

In the 1840 census records there were 26 states in the United States (Michigan and Arkansas were new). The two new territories were Wisconsin and Iowa, and they were also enumerated in the 1840 census records.

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